Do you find getting up in the morning so difficult that it is painful? This might be called laziness, but Dr. Kleitman has a new explanation. He has proved that everyone has a daily energy cycle.
During the hours when you labour through your work you may say that you’re “hot”. That’s true. The time of day when you feel most energetic is when your cycle of body temperature is at its peak. For some people the peak comes during the forenoon. For others it comes in the afternoon or evening. No one has discovered why this is so, but it leads to such familiar monologues (自言自语) as: “Get up, John! You’ll be late for work again!” The possible explanation to the trouble is that John is at his temperature-and-energy peak in the evening. Much family quarrelling ends when husbands and wives realize what these energy cycles mean, and which cycle each member of the family has.
You can’t change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make your life it better. Habit can help, Dr. Kleitman believes. Maybe you’re sleepy in the evening but feel you must stay up late anyway. Counteract (对抗) your cycle to some extent by habitually staying up later than you want to. If your energy is low in the morning but you have an important job to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour. This won’t change your cycle, but you’ll get up steam (鼓起干劲) and work better at your low point.
Get off to a slow start which saves your energy. Get with a leisurely yawl and stretch. Sit on the edge of the bed a minute before putting your feet on the floor. Avoid the trouble some search for clean clothes by laying them out the night before. When ever possible, do routine work in the afternoon and save tasks requiring more energy or concentration for your sharper hours.
76. If a person finds getting up early a problem, most probably _______.
he is a lazy person
he refuses to follow his own energy cycle
he is not sure when his energy is low
he is at his peak in the afternoon or evening
77. Which of the following may lead to family quarrels according to the passage?
A. Unawareness of energy cycles. B. Familiar monologues.
C. A change in a family member’s energy cycle.
Attempts to control the energy cycle of other family member.
78. If one wants to work more efficiently at his low point in the morning, he should _____.
A. change his energy cycle C. get up earlier than usual
B. overcome his laziness D. go to bed earlier
79. You are advised to rise with a yawn and stretch because it will ______.
help to keep your energy for the day’s work
help you to control your temper early in the day
enable you to concentrate on your routine work
keep your energy cycle under control all day
80. Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?
Getting off to work with a minimum effort helps save one’s energy.
Dr. Kleitman explains why people reach their peak at different hours of day.
Habit helps a person adapt to his own energy cycle.
Children have energy cycles, too.
Ⅴ. Writing (20 points)
For this part, you are allowed 20 minutes to write a short composition of about 80 words on the title: Fake Commodities. Base your composition on the outline given below.
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