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2021年浙江成考学位英语:语法模拟练习(四)

2020-12-17 13:34

1.It is necessary that we ____ have a good command of English at college.

A.must B.have to C.should D.ought to

【答案】C本句考察虚拟语气:It is necessary that sb.(should)do sth.这是一个固定句型,表示“某人应当,必须作某事”。

2.I don’t think it advisable that Tom _____ to the job since he has no experience.

A.be assigned B.is assigned C.will be assigned D.has been assigned

【答案】A“t advisable that......”从句虚拟语气“should do”should可省略。

3.It’s desired that she ___ to teach us at least twice a week.

A.comes B.will come C.come D.may come

【答案】C本题考查的是虚拟语气的用法。在suggest,ask,decide,desire等词表示建议,请求或命令的意思时,其后所跟的从句形式为should+动词原形,should可以省略。她被要求一周叫我们两次课。

4.It is highly desirable that a new president ___ for this university.

A.is appointed B.will be appointed C.be appointed D.has been appointed

【答案】C本题考察的是主语从句的虚拟语气.其形式为:“It is+引起虚拟的形容词或过去分词+that主语从句,谓语动词用动词原形或should+动词原形.这样的形容词还有:advisable,appropriate,insistent,vital,preferable,essential等.句意是“强烈希望这个大学有个新的校长被任命.”

5.It was proposed that the matter ______ discussed at the next meeting.

A.would be B.will be C.was D.be

【答案】D。有人提议说这个问题下次会议的时候再讨论。It is+形容词(或过去分词)+that....的主语从句中,表示要求,建议,提议,命令,请求等,从句的谓语用“should(可省略)+原形动词(或完成式)构成”。

6.Her suggestion that everybody ___ was not appreciated.

A.sing a song B.sang a song C.sung a song D.singing a song

【答案】A。本句测试虚拟语气在同位从句中的用法。在suggestion,proposal,request,order等名词后面的表语从句和同位语从句中,用(should)+动词原形,表示虚拟,should常常省略。又如:My suggestion is that we(should)send a few people to help the other groups.我的建议是我们派几个人去帮助其他的小组。

7.The general’s command was that the soldiers ___ their fort and carry out more important tasks.

A.would leave B.leave C.left D.have left

【答案】B。本句测试虚拟语气在表语从句的用法。在suggestion,proposal,request,order等名词后面的表语从句和同位语从句中,用“(should)+动词原形,表示虚拟,should常常省略。又如:My suggestion is that we(should)send a few people to help the other groups.我的建议是我们派几个人去帮助其他小组

8.My suggestion yesterday was that a meeting ______ to discuss the matter.

A.should hold B.must be held C.would be held D.be held

【答案】D此题考查的是虚拟语气。关键词在suggestion,与suggest有关的形式都要与虚拟语气挂钩。会议是“被举行”,故用被动。

9.My idea is that we ______ the challenge.

A.ought accept B.will accept C.accept D.are accepted

【答案】C。我的想法是我们应该接受挑战。表示建议,要求,提议,命令,请求等意思有关的同位语从句和表语从句中,从句谓语用“should(可省略)+原形动词”,

10.Your advice that she ______ till next week is reasonable.

A.will wait B.is going to wait C.waits D.wait

【答案】D。你的建议,她应该等到下周,是合理的。

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