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2021年浙江成考学位英语:语法模拟练习(三)

2020-12-17 13:34

1.She says she’d rather he _____ tomorrow instead of today.

A.leaves B.left C.leave D.would leave

【答案】B。考察虚拟语气,would rather后面宾语从句要用过去时,表示虚拟语气,此句描述将来

2.I’d ___ you didn’t touch that,if you don’t mind.

A.rather B.better C.happier D.further

【答案】A I’d rather=I would rather:我宁愿……,后面接动词原形和从句。接从句时,从句谓语用一般过去时表示虚拟。better的类似用法时had better(do):更好……。C和D项与题意不符。

3.Peter wishes that he ___ law instead of literature when he was in college.

A.could study B.studied C.had studied D.would study

【答案】C。wish后面的宾语从句要使用虚拟语气,虚拟语气中时态类似在非真实条件从句中时态的应用——时态后移。与现在的事实相反(用过去时),I wish I were you.但愿我是你多好啊!与过去的事实相反的愿望(用过去完成时),I wish he hadn’t made the big mistake.他要是不犯那个大错误,该有多好!与将来的愿望相反即愿望难以实现(用过去将来时),I wish I could be of more use in the future.我希望我将来有点用处。

4.---Did you see her off the day before yesterday?

----No,but I wish I_____.

A.were B.did C.had D.would

【答案】C。本题考虚拟语气。事实他前天没有去,现在是他希望前天送了那个人,与过去事实相反,用had done。你前天有没有去送他?没有,我希望我送他了。

5.I didn’t go to the party,but I do wish I ___ there.

A.were B.would be C.had been D.will be

【答案】C。wish后面的宾语从句中要使用虚拟语气。与现在的事实相反(用过去时):主语+wish+从句(主语+过去时…)I wish I were you.但愿我是你多好啊!与过去的事实相反的愿望(用过去完成时):I wishe he hadn’t made the big mistake.他要是不犯那个大错误,该有多好!与将来的愿望相反即愿望难以实现(用过去将来时)I wish I could be of more use in the future.我希望我将来有点用处。

6.He recommended that John ______ with him.

A.must go B.went C.will go D.go

【答案】D。他要求约翰和他一起去。Recommend后面的宾语从句用虚拟。

7.The doctor’s advice was that the patient ____ at once.

A.to be operated B.being operated C.be operated D.operated

【答案】C本题考查虚拟语气,advise,insist等动词后是接that sb.(shoud)do sth.不用加to或变为动名词,其名词形式advice,insistence后面动词形式也一样。此题又是被动形式。所以直接为be operated。

8.His mother insisted that he ___ the coat when going out.

A.put on B.puts on C.to put D.putting on

【答案】A insist:坚持做某事+宾语从句中的动词应该用(should)+do形式,表示虚拟。

9.He asked that it ______ done right away.

A.is B.be C.shall be D.must be

【答案】B。他要求这件事要立即做。Ask作为要求讲的时候,宾语从句用虚拟。表达主观愿望。

10.We demand that atomic weapons ____.

A.be prohibited B.will be prohibited C.are prohibited D.ought to be prohibited

【答案】A。我们要求禁止使用原子武器。Demand后面的宾语从句用虚拟。表达主观愿望。

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